A report directly links the American Psychological Association (APA) to torture. In the massive report, compiled by a Chicago based law firm, the role of the APA is closely examined and some members are exposed for their roles in the grizzly torture practices at the US military detention center in Cuba. The organization is now back peddling and attempting to distance themselves from any member psychologists who were directly involved, and in some cases, substantially profited from their assistance to the CIA and others. For years the association has said they were opposed to such torture methods, and essentially, would not foster or assist in such torturing efforts. The Guardian stated:
[“For more than a decade, the American Psychological Association (APA) has maintained that a strict code of ethics prohibits its more than 130,000 members to aid in the torture of detainees while simultaneously permitting involvement in military and intelligence interrogations. The group has rejected media reporting on psychologists’ complicity in torture; suppressed internal dissent from anti-torture doctors; cleared members of wrongdoing; and portrayed itself as a consistent ally against abuse.
Now, a voluminous independent review conducted by a former assistant US attorney, David Hoffman, undermines the APA’s denials in full – and vindicates the dissenters”.]